Baby Care

Baby care and precautions

There are no bad parents, only lazy parents. If you want to raise your little baby well, it is not wrong to read more about parenting knowledge! Now let’s sort out the baby care and precautions!


1. Do not use medicines for babies at will. If necessary, you must use them according to the doctor’s instructions, and don’t listen to some old remedies. If something happens, you will regret it.

2. After the baby is born, he should learn to adapt to the environment. There is no need to deliberately create a particularly quiet environment. During the day, he should take it out to see the light and turn off the lights at night, so that the baby can more easily distinguish between day and night.

3. Do not shake too much when holding the baby. Some parents and elders will shake very much when holding the baby. This will cause damage to the brain, and in severe cases, it will lead to cerebral hemorrhage and slight concussion.

4. Don’t pinch the baby’s nose. Some elders will teach Baomama to pinch the nose, saying that the bridge of the nose will be high in the future. This is unscientific. Pinching the nose may damage the mucous membranes and blood vessels.

5. The diaper should be changed in time. If it is not changed for a long time, it will cause the baby’s red buttocks and cause eczema.


Burping a newborn is a difficult problem for most new parents. If parents are inexperienced with holding children, I have a small recommendation for you. The adult lies on the recliner with the body at an angle of about 45 degrees to the ground. The child should lie on the adult after feeding, with the head slightly higher than the shoulder to avoid suffocation. Adults can pat or stroke the baby’s back, and even if you don’t touch it, the baby will burp within a few minutes. This method should be easy and safe.

New parents are usually inexperienced in burping, and the newborns are very soft. It is difficult to hold the baby upright when burping. When an adult is holding it, one hand must drag the pp and waist, and one hand will drag the neck to prevent the head from shaking. .

After the baby is fed, you can put the baby’s head on the shoulder of the adult, and usually burp on his own for a while. Really don’t burp, make a hollow shape with your hands, and pat the back lightly. Or lay the child down for a while and then stand up again. This requires repeated practice to master the trick. If you don’t take it out, the child will easily spill milk.

Spilled milk

The phenomenon of milk overflow in infants is mostly caused by the relaxation of the lower end of the esophagus and the opening of the gastric cardia, and the reflux phenomenon that occurs when the abdominal pressure increases. Most do not need special treatment, and gradually reduce until disappear within a few months. However, during breastfeeding, the bed surface can be turned into a slope of 15-30 degrees, and choosing to lie on the side can effectively reduce breastfeeding. Note: It is not a high pillow, but the whole body, at least the upper body is on the slope, so that it will not have an adverse effect on the spine.


Should small babies, especially newborns, be bathed every day? This is not a theoretical question. It is related to the parent’s experience, indoor temperature and other factors. But there is one thing to remind parents, the baby’s skin is delicate, do not use bath lotion frequently when bathing. Take a warm bath and use the body wash once every 1-2 weeks!

It’s not troublesome to bathe your baby every day, but you should also pay attention to local cleaning, including small pps and under the neck, especially small pps. After every time you pull the baby, wipe it with a wet tissue from top to bottom. Baba sticks to the front, then wash the pp with clean water. After washing, dry it with gauze for a while, keep the pp dry and the pp will not be red.

Be careful not to rub the skin with gauze, it must be rubbed with it. Children’s skin is thin, and always rubbing hard will cause red pp. When bathing the baby, avoid the navel area. After bathing, use a absorbent cotton swab to disinfect the area around the navel. Fasten the button there, being careful not to touch the scab.

Umbilical Cord Care

After the baby is born, the umbilical cord is cut off, and the stump quickly dries to a mushroom-like shape, covering the root of the umbilical cord, making some secretions difficult to discharge, causing local infection and yellow/bloody secretions. Clean the stump of the neonatal umbilical cord every day, not just on the surface, but to the root of the umbilical cord. Since the umbilical cord stump has lost neural control, there is no pain during cleaning. Generally, the umbilical cord will fall off in about two weeks.

Nursing method: After bathing, dry the water around the umbilical cord, and disinfect the umbilical cord with 75% alcohol; do not cover the umbilical cord with diapers, and change diapers frequently to prevent urine from contaminating the umbilical cord. If the wound does not heal and there is oozing or purulent secretions after the umbilical cord falls off, the child should be sent to the hospital for treatment immediately.


In many breastfed babies, neonatal jaundice can last 1-2 weeks. As long as it is not pathological jaundice after birth and the jaundice level does not exceed 15mg/dl, there is no need to be overly nervous. The indication of whether the baby’s jaundice level needs to be illuminated is related to the number of days after birth. Don’t easily suspend breastfeeding, easily accept unacceptable formula powder, and easily take medicine to fade jaundice because of the presence of mild jaundice.

Many jaundice indexes exceed 17mg/dl, and doctors will recommend considering phototherapy. It is very important to promote phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. Phototherapy can be performed in the hospital but needs to be hospitalized. For less serious cases, the hospital rents phototherapy blankets to parents for home phototherapy. This reduces hospital costs, allows for light therapy, and continues breastfeeding at home.

Don’t think that if a newborn has jaundice, you should stop breastfeeding and replace it with formula powder; let alone think that formula powder can prevent jaundice and facilitate weight gain in early infancy. The main causes of neonatal jaundice are the increased destruction of red blood cells after birth (due to high red blood cell levels in the fetus), immature liver function, and slow intestinal excretion. Lighting and increased feeding can be effective, and light therapy is a very safe way. Eating more milk and having more bowel movements can also promote the rapid excretion of bilirubin from the body.

Normal foods, including breast milk, contain very little glucose. Unless hypoglycemia, there is no reason to take glucose by mouth. Glucose is a drug and should not be given orally to infants. Glucose is a carbohydrate and it is impossible to remove neonatal jaundice. Glucose is used as a drug mainly to treat hypoglycemia.

Vitamin D supplementation

Vitamin D is important in promoting bone development. A normal baby needs 400 international units per day. Breast milk is low in vitamin D, so a daily supplement of 400 IU is recommended. Formula powder feeding should be supplemented as appropriate according to the situation, and it is recommended to consult a doctor. If rickets are suspected, blood vitamin D levels can be detected and supplemented with reasonable interventions. Cod liver oil can be given to the baby.

pimples and rashes

The acne on the face of the newborn, which is related to both the heat and the hormones from the mother, is called neonatal acne. It is recommended to keep the baby’s face dry, and proper use of baby lotion can also help.

A red rash that rises above the skin on a newborn should be erythema of the newborn. Distributed on the trunk or limbs, without itching, and related to dry air, bath and other stimuli. Babies are soaked in amniotic fluid before birth, exposed to air after birth, and their skin is dry and irritated. The fetus is covered with a layer of fetal fat, which can protect the skin well and does not need to be removed with a bath immediately after birth. Neonatal erythema disappears on its own within 3-7 days without drug treatment.

Babies’ skin is very delicate and prone to red rashes. The main reason for the rash is related to local overheating and airtightness. When breastfeeding, the baby’s face is in close contact with the mother’s breast, which can lead to heat rash after feeding. Wipe baby’s face with a soft tissue or washcloth after feeding to reduce rash

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, has a rough surface, red base, scaling and exudation, mainly because the baby’s own skin is too delicate. For mild eczema, apply baby moisturiser after washing daily and reapply twice daily. If it is serious, please seek medical attention. The doctor will prescribe ointment and use it as directed by the doctor.

The best way to treat severe diaper rash is to keep the spot dry. Rinse the buttocks with clean water after each bowel movement, try not to use a paper towel or soft cloth to dry it, and let it dry for a while to keep it dry.

Infants under 1 year, including newborns, are particularly prone to rash, ulceration, peeling, local ectopic, and even infection due to their relatively short necks. Protecting the neck from dryness is a very fast and effective way. For example: Encourage the child to pick up when he is awake.

body temperature

For newborns, it is normal for a body temperature not to exceed 37.5 degrees. Due to the immature functions of the organs of newborns, including the brain, their ability to control their body temperature is limited. If you wrap a little more, the body temperature will rise. It is recommended not to wrap the newborns too thickly.


Infant colic is most common in infants between 3 weeks and 4-6 months of age. Mainly due to immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract, more common in formula-fed infants. It manifests as flatulence, easy crying, restless sleep, easy burping/spitting up, strenuous defecation but not dry stools, likes to hold/prostrate but does not like to lie down, excessive gas but normal growth. It has nothing to do with fright, calcium deficiency, etc. Mom and Dad don’t need to worry too much

Infants crying for unknown reasons within 6 months, especially regular crying, should first consider infant colic. During this period, eating was normal, but parents often misunderstood because of crying and crying that frequent hunger led to frequent feeding, normal growth, and often overweight. This phenomenon is a growth problem. Simethicone and probiotics have obvious alleviation effects. “Waiting” is necessary.

If the baby’s colic is not well understood, and there has been excessive growth caused by overfeeding, you can reduce the frequency of feeding by placing the baby on the stomach, massaging the abdomen clockwise, or taking simethicone orally to reduce the chance of the baby crying violently. . In addition, encouraging children to lie on their stomachs can reduce the chance and degree of abdominal pain, increase the amount of exercise for the baby, and also facilitate the coordination of muscles throughout the body and promote brain development. Under adult supervision, even babies under 3 months can sleep on their stomachs.

Frequent feedings are required during the day and may be associated with colic. Parents can properly put their children on their stomachs, which is not only conducive to the baby’s exhaust, but also to relieve abdominal pain. Frequent feedings may cause loose and frothy stools. This should not be related to indigestion and lactose intolerance.

For infants within 4-6 months, including newborns, who experience disturbed sleep, bursts of crying, frequent hunger, etc., infant colic should be considered. The reason is related to the immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract, and intolerance to milk is also one of the main reasons. Lying on your stomach can relieve abdominal pain, and simethicone and probiotics can also partially relieve abdominal pain. For formula-fed infants, switching to partially hydrolyzed formula will have better results.

baby fall prevention bed

After falling out of bed, wait for the child to calm down, observe whether there is a movement disorder, and at the same time observe whether the child’s reaction to the outside world is the same as before. If there is abnormal irritability, lethargy, abnormal behavior, etc., you need to take your child to the hospital for examination. If you’re conscious, behaving normally, and after 24 hours you still don’t have any symptoms, don’t worry. Parents, pay attention, 3-4 months will just turn over

Long tooth

There is no comparison between the teething journey of each child. The timing of teething is different; the order of teething is different; the reaction caused by teething is different; the number of teeth in infants of the same age is different…. By age 3, most children should have 20 full teeth. Tooth germs begin to develop during fetal life. If a mandibular X-ray examination is performed on a newborn, not only the tooth germs of the permanent teeth can be seen, but also the tooth germs of the permanent teeth. Parents should not be nervous about this.