When a newborn is first born, various organs and tissues are not fully developed, such as the brain, liver, gastrointestinal tract, etc. The baby’s skin, like other organs and tissues, has not yet fully developed its structure, and its defense system is not perfect. It is easy to cause skin problems (dry and rough, sensitive itching, prickly heat and rash). 0-3 years old is a critical period for skin growth. During this time, mothers must take extra care of the baby’s skin.
10 common skin problems and care points:
Eczema is probably the most common skin problem for babies. Eczema occurs on babies because itching can make babies irritable. What’s worse is that if it is not properly cared for, it will recur again and again, which may also be the most annoying skin problem for new mothers.
The care of baby eczema is actually the same as the care of other skin problems. The most important thing is moisturizing and moisturizing. When eczema occurs, you must moisturize and moisturize. Most eczema can heal on its own by moisturizing and moisturizing, but if it is particularly severe, you need to seek medical advice.
Second, neonatal acne.
Neonatal acne usually occurs at birth, or within two or three weeks after birth. As shown in the picture above, the baby will have white or red bumps on the cheeks, forehead, and chin, similar to teenage pimples.
The exact cause is still unknown, but the medical community generally believes that it is related to hormone changes in the baby’s body.
Neonatal acne usually does not require any medication, and usually subsides on its own within a few weeks. During this period, only a simple warm water wash is required, and the rest is to be patient. If it does not subside within 3 months, or if you are really concerned, it is recommended to consult a professional pediatrician.
Also, sometimes moms may confuse newborn acne with eczema. If your skin is dry and flaky, you are more likely to have eczema.
When your baby is just born, if you find that there are many small white or yellow spots on your baby’s nose, some of them may spread to the cheeks. You don’t have to worry, this is mainly caused by the secretion of sebaceous glands, which usually disappears on its own within 2 to 3 weeks after the baby is born.
Some babies will have some dandruff on the scalp after the full moon. In severe cases, it will appear as yellow scaly cradle cap, and sometimes it will spread to the eyebrows. This is actually a layer of oil, which is high in the place where the baby’s sebaceous glands secrete vigorously, which is medically called seborrheic dermatitis.
Although the name is a bit scary and it is more difficult to wash off, it will not have any effect on the baby, and the treatment method is also very simple, just wash your hair more.
The specific method is: before cleaning, touch some vegetable oils such as camellia oil and olive oil on the scab, and wash it with warm water after 15 to 20 minutes. Be careful not to use force when cleaning, and gently massage the scalp. Usually do this 2 to 3 times, and it can be cleaned up.
5. Dry skin.
This is a normal physiological phenomenon of newborns: because the outermost epidermis of newborn skin is constantly metabolized, old epithelial cells are shed, and new epithelial cells are generated.
Therefore, pay attention to the baby’s skin care, do not over-clean the skin, apply moisturizing skin care products to the baby immediately after cleaning, and choose baby products that do not contain fragrance.
Six, saliva rash.
Babies have drool rash, most of which are because the cleaning work is not done well. The cause is excessive saliva or milk stains around the mouth, which causes the skin to be moist and irritates the skin.
To deal with saliva rash, first of all, pay attention to cleaning, and use a cotton towel to gently wipe off the saliva and milk stains in time; secondly, apply moisturizing oil to the corners of the mouth for isolation and protection.
Seven, diaper rash.
Diaper rash is also known as red butt. Just remember two words for the care of your baby’s butt: dry and breathable.
In fact, drying is easy to achieve, just don’t be lazy and check your baby’s diaper from time to time. When choosing baby diapers, you should choose well, and the breathability must be checked.
Urticaria is also a relatively common skin disease in infants and young children, usually caused by allergies. The cause of allergies may be an insect bite; a virus infection; a drug allergy, or a food allergy, most of which cannot be identified as the exact cause.
If your baby’s skin develops a red, itchy rash that sticks out of the skin and doesn’t go away for a while, it may be hives.
The rash is pale in the center, with no peeling on the nodules, and looks like a mosquito bite. A cold compress or calamine lotion can be applied to the rash to reduce or eliminate the itching. If the urticaria is not serious, it can be observed at home and it will go away on its own. If severe, consult a pediatrician.
Nine, prickly heat.
Prickly heat is caused by the accumulation of sweat due to the blockage of the sweat gland ducts of the baby due to the humid and hot weather. The focus of prickly heat is prevention. It is very important to keep your baby’s skin dry.
And when the prickly heat comes, the first element is to cool down. When the temperature drops, the baby’s prickly heat can heal faster.
Acute rash in toddlers, also known as roseola infantis, is a very common, mild viral infection that causes fever and a red rash in babies and young children. The clinical features are high fever for 3 to 4 days, then abrupt reduction of fever and rash, and the condition recovers quickly. Fever rash is the main feature of acute rash in children.
The rash is mainly scattered on the neck, trunk, and occasionally on the face and extremities. The rash appeared within 24 hours after the onset of the rash, and disappeared naturally after almost 3 days without leaving any traces on the skin. The incidence of infection is mostly within 2 years old, especially within 1 year old.
To sum up, baby skin care mainly follows three principles:
1. Dry and dry: Keeping dry, especially on the folds of the baby’s skin, can avoid local skin irritation due to moisture as much as possible.
2. Moisturizing: Use skin care oil for the baby after washing every day to moisturize the skin, help the baby lock in the moisture of the skin, and at the same time form a protective layer to isolate external stimuli.
3. Simplicity: It is precisely because the baby’s skin is delicate, so it is best to avoid excessive care. Just make sure you have proper hydration and dry skin. Excessive care or abuse of ointments increases the burden on the skin and damages the skin’s barrier.
How to choose and use skin care products:
1. What skin care products are good for newborns?
Generally speaking, there are three types of baby skin care products: body lotion, body cream and body oil.
Body lotion has moisturizing ingredients, which can effectively moisturize baby’s skin; moisturizing cream contains moisturizing factors; and moisturizing oil contains natural mineral oil, which can prevent dry and cracked and moisturize the skin more effectively. Because the northern climate is relatively dry and the wind and sand are relatively large, special attention should be paid to the moisturizing care of the skin. Therefore, you can use body lotion in the morning, moisturizing cream at night, and moisturizing oil in winter; while the southern climate itself is humid, choose moisturizing skin care. You can take good care of your child’s skin.
2. How to choose newborn skin care products?
Principles of newborn skin care products should pay attention to the following points:
①Choose a thin liquid. Baby skin care products require water content ointment, which should be easy to spread on the skin, otherwise it will block the pores of the baby’s skin.
② good permeability. It absorbs quickly after rubbing on the child, and it is not sticky to the touch.
③ No fragrance. Children’s skin care products should avoid choosing too fragrant, and it is best to choose odorless, because too fragrant skin care products contain fragrance ingredients, so as not to increase the risk of children’s skin allergies.
④No foam. Avoid baby products with too much foam to avoid accidental ingestion.
3. How to care for the baby’s skin?
Clean the baby’s skin every morning and evening. Use a soft towel or gauze soaked in warm water to wipe the baby’s face, especially the perioral area. Clean after each feeding, and then apply moisturizing lotion. In the evening, you can give your child a warm bath, and choose a body wash that is suitable for moisturizing and sensitive skin, which can moisturize your child’s skin. Usually pay attention to sun protection when going out to avoid excessive exposure of the baby to the sun. When going out, you can use sunshade tools, such as umbrellas and sun hats, to protect your children from sun protection.